Siegmunt O.A., Petrovskiy A.V.

Title of article

Cyber and internet crime in the federal republic of Germany and the Russian federation: possibilities for a comparative research


Comparative studies and foreign experience

Issue, year

4 (34) 2015


The paper provides the comparative analysis of Russian and German criminal legislation concerning the characteristics and particular features of cyber and internet crimes. The Federal Criminal Police Department of Germany determines that cyber crime includes all crimes committed with the use of information and communication technologies or crimes against such technologies. Cyber crime includes acts where full or partial use of electronic data processing elements plays a central role. German criminal legislation doesn’t contain a separate chapter concerning cyber and computer crimes, and classifies most of these acts as property crimes. Russian legislation defines cyber and internet crime by codification of norms provided in Chapter 28 of the RF Criminal Code (“Crimes in the sphere of computer information”). The definitions of cyber and internet crimes contained in international legal documents are described by the authors. For instance, Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime addresses the issues of criminalization of acts wherever a computer is a target or a tool in a crime. Two victimological studies were conducted in Germany in the last few years. In particular, the experience of victims of cyber and internet crimes was examined. Respondents were asked about four kinds of cyber and internet crimes: damages caused by using malware, phishing, pharming, and computer fraud. The similarities and differences of the wordings of all four sources analyzed in this article – Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime, Russian and German criminal legislation, criminological surveys – are considered by the example of damages arising from the use of malware.


cyber crime; internet crime; criminological research; comparative analysis; Russia; Germany.


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